The variety of landscapes that can be found in this territory is truly extraordinary. This "variety" refers not only to the multiple views of shapes and colours, but also to the multiple histories that these different landscapes recount. The conformation of the territory is characterised by threee "large steps": the highest is the Murgia, the middle one is the so-called "pre Murgian step," the site of important and vast agricultural crops, and the lowest is the pre-coastal and coastal strip, a large part of which includes the most important and extensive "damp zone" in Italy.
What makes this system of "steps" particular is the short distance that separates the high land from the sea: the closeness of such different geo-morphological situations has created the absolute uniqueness of the area.
The concentration of inhabitants in compact nuclei has helped to maintain these landscapes more pristine than in other places. The uninhabited expanses are enormous and once you exit the city, you will find yourself in the middle of a naturalistic or geological excursion.
Additionally, it is easy to get around the inland areas of the territory. The old networks of agricultural and pastoral communication, which are extremely dense and capillary, are still quite viable today, and the majority of them are easy to travel over and see little traffic.