It is located at the summit of a rise just below the level of Castel del Monte, on the border between Puglia and Basilicata, which contested it in past centuries. The small city of Spinazzola has shared a history similar to that of the larger nearby cities. Starting out as an ancient Roman statio on the Appian Way, it was soon transformed into a small urban agglomerate, which, after the end of the Roman Empire, was invaded numerous times (Goths, Visigoths, Longobards, Hungherians and Saracens).
It was definitively fortified during the Norman epoch and shares the long history of the other cities in the region, up until Spanish domination. It was a strategically important point and was tied to the destiny of Venosa during the Roman epoch, part of the county of Gravina under the Normans, next granted to the district of Matera in the early 1800's and soon after, as previously mentioned, to the district of Altamura in the province of Bari. A destiny linked to other cities, first one and then another, except, perhaps, during its period of splendour when it was a rich feud of the Ferrillo and Pignatelli families (in 1615 it was birthplace to Antonio Pignatelli, the future Pope Innocence XII, the Pope of the bull against nepotism). A true border city that is today tranquil and hidden in the heart of the High Murgia. Even the land it stands on has been a jewel-case of hidden treasures: the presence of bauxite caves, today partially abandoned, and of calcareous stone, has made it an important extraction centre. The lunar landscape created by these fractures and the (beautiful) image of a hard, and somehow, solitary land are truly different from the modern-day cheerful character of the city's inhabitants, who have turned their identity of being “on the border” into an opportunity for openness and the mixing of these two elements.