The National Language
Italian. Those who practise professions linked to tourism, usually speak English. The others know, more or less, foreign languages but, by and large, you’ll always find someone to understand you!
Italian is a language belonging to the group of the romanesque languages, of the indo-european family. In Italy a large number of dialects are present, each one, historically, a pure and simple romanesque language, representing an independent evolution of the specific type of Latin spoken in this or that region. The profusion of the Italian dialects constitutes a huge, even though often underestimated, cultural heritage.
The most widespread religion, in Italy, is Christian Catholicism, present since apostolic times. Together with Protestants and the members of the Orthodox Church, Christians, in Italy, represent the majority religion. The most ancient religion is Judaism of which, in Rome, is signalled an unbroken presence since times prior the emerging of Christianity. Among the other forms of Christianity, within the Protestant circle, it’s important pointing out the Waldensian Church, born in Italy and originated as a medieval religious movement connected to the Genevan Calvinism after the Protestant Reform.
During XIX and XX century other religious movements spread around Italy: some were Protestant, mainly of Anglo-Saxon origins. The Church of Mormon arrived in Italy in 1850. The Jehovah Witnesses started printing the Watching Tower in the Piedmontese valleys already since 1903. The Jehovah Witnesses, in particular, are the Italian religious group with the largest number of joiners, right after Catholicism and Islam(the latter followed nearly exclusively by immigrants of other nationalities, mostly extra-communitarian citizens). With the last decades immigrations, other forms of Orthodox Christianity and eastern religions were spread.